closed Opened: 30 March 2022 | Closes: 31 May 2022
A significant reduction of atmospheric pollution and emissions of greenhouse gases from power generation can only be achieved by transitioning away from fossil fuels and by increasing the share of Renewable Energy Sources (RES). However, the volatility in power output introduced by increasingly large shares of RES in the future energy system represents a key challenge. In this context, gas turbines (GTs) are considered to be the most robust, mature and cost-effective technology especially for large-scale power generation and are bound to reinforce their role as guarantors of grid stability and reliability. In order to fulfil this role in line with the Paris Agreement’s goals, power generation from gas turbines needs to be decarbonised. A convenient approach to achieve this is by blending increasingly higher fractions of hydrogen into natural gas – the gas turbines’ conventional fuel.
Project results are expected to contribute to the following expected outcomes:
- Develop a portfolio of solutions of full-scale gas turbine combustors for decarbonised, dispatchable and flexible heat and power generation across different systems sizes; from distributed systems all the way to large scale power generation plants;
- Ensure a cost-effective and safe utilisation of hydrogen as gas turbine fuel, including issues related to social acceptance of hydrogen-fired power plants by local communities;
Project results are expected to directly contribute to the objectives of the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA Pillar 3, ‘Hydrogen End Uses: Clean heat and Power’ on preparing gas turbines to run on 100% hydrogen, whilst keep conversion efficiencies and NOx emission to acceptable levels. In particular the following objectives and related KPIs as included the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA should be addressed:
- Allow substantial increase of hydrogen-firing capabilities of new or existing gas turbine combustion systems to volumetric Hydrogen fractions between 70% and 100%;
- Demonstrate emission-compliant operation, in line with emission limits set by legislation;
- Target @ 70% vol H2: <25 NOx ppmv@15%O2/dry or 29 NOx mg/MJ fuel
- Target @ 100% vol H2: <25 NOx ppmv@15%O2/dry or 24 NOx mg/MJ fuel
- Demonstrate operational (load) flexibility of gas turbines, within the standard specifications for natural gas operation, at all Hydrogen fractions (0-100%);
- Target for maximum H2 content during start-up of 20% volume H2 in 2024 with a view to reach 100% volume H2 for 2030;
- Target for maximum efficiency reduction in H2 operation of 10% points @70% Volume of H2 for 2024 with a view to reach 10% points @100% H2 in 2030;
- Target for minimum ramp up rate of 10% load / minute @70% volume H2 in 2024 with a view to reach 10% load / minute @100% H2.
- Allow for a significant variability of the hydrogen fraction in natural gas, depending on the actual availability of hydrogen, which should be handled seamlessly by the gas turbine combustion system:
- Target for handling H2 content fluctuations of ±15% H2 volume / minute in 2024 with a view to reach ±30% H2 volume / minute in 2030.
The capability for gas turbines to operate on hydrogen-based fuels is a key future requirement to fulfil the target of CO2-free power generation. Currently, the maximum volumetric hydrogen fraction, up to which commercially available gas turbines can be operated with, lies between 30% and 50% depending on the specific gas turbine class and type. Ongoing H2020 projects (HYFLEXPOWER, FLEXnCONFU) are focusing on power-to-gas-to-power technologies and partly also address hydrogen combustion in gas turbines. They are focussing on the whole power-to-gas-to-power system and hence either on small GT sizes (12MW in HYFLEXPOWER) or target to demonstrate small hydrogen fractions (FLEXnCONFU). Consequently, significant technological advancements in the gas turbines’ combustion systems are required to further reduce and ultimately eliminate natural gas from the fuel blend.
The peculiar thermodynamic and combustion properties of hydrogen (e.g. diffusivity, reactivity, flame speed etc.) pose new challenges towards the achievement of a stable combustion process. These challenges are greatly increased for hydrogen combustion at the high-pressure conditions, which are relevant for gas turbine operation.
The scope of this topic is to design and demonstrate in relevant environment a scaled and full-size combustion system, i.e, same geometry and fire power as finally installed in the gas turbine. It is expected that experimental investigation will be performed up to full-load condition at least on a single burner of the gas turbine, including the monitoring and control in case of new combustors as well as for retrofits. These combustion systems should be capable of operating at full gas turbine pressure conditions with any concentration of hydrogen admixed with natural gas and focus on volumetric hydrogen contents between 70-100%, i.e. well beyond the capability of state-of-the-art commercial gas turbines.
Activities are expected to start at TRL4 and should foresee the necessary laboratory experiments and numerical modelling leading to the design and validation of a full-size combustion chamber. At the end of the project duration, the proposed and developed solutions should achieve TRL6 and be validated in a relevant environment.
In order to achieve the expected outcomes, the development of the combustion system development should have in mind the following constraints and present solutions to overcome the associated technical hurdles:
- Stable combustion properties of hydrogen-rich flames demonstrated in full-scale combustor hardware at high pressure gas turbine conditions and across the entire GT load. This includes static (no flame flashback) as well as dynamic stability (no thermo-acoustic instabilities)
- Ensure sufficiently high firing temperatures to maintain high cycle efficiency of the respective gas turbine class.
- Ensure ultra-low emissions of air pollutants, in particular those of nitrous oxides (NOx)
- Development of solutions for a combustion system that is capable to overcome previously mentioned technical challenges without the use of diluents (e.g. nitrogen, steam dilution, etc).
Consortia are expected to include turbine manufacturers. It is also encouraged to seek the involvement of plant operators. In addition, proposals should demonstrate that they will have access to the infrastructure that will be necessary to undertake the full-size testing.
As there may be different means to address the aforementioned technical hurdles, the specific research activities should be clearly detailed in the project proposal. Preferably the topic will support complementary approaches for small to medium power industrial gas turbines (above 12 MW electric) and large heavy-duty gas turbines (above 200 MW electric).
Activities are expected to start at TRL 4 and achieve TRL 6 by the end of the project.
The conditions related to this topic are provided in the chapter 18.104.22.168 of the Clean Hydrogen JU 2022 Annual Work Plan and in the General Annexes to the Horizon Europe Work Programme 2021–2022 which apply mutatis mutandis.
- Admissibility conditions:described inAnnex A and Annex E of the Horizon Europe Work Programme General Annexes
Proposal page limits and layout: described in Part B of the Application Form available in the Submission System
Additional condition: For all Innovation Actions the page limit of the applications are 70 pages.
- Eligible countries:described inAnnex B of the Work Programme General Annexes
A number of non-EU/non-Associated Countries that are not automatically eligible for funding have made specific provisions for making funding available for their participants in Horizon Europe projects. See the information in the Horizon Europe Programme Guide.
- Other eligibility conditions:described in Annex B of the Work Programme General Annexes
Additional eligibility condition: Maximum contribution per topic
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, an additional eligibility criterion has been introduced to limit the Clean Hydrogen JU requested contribution mostly for actions performed at high TRL level, including demonstration in real operation environment and with important involvement from industrial stakeholders and/or end users such as public authorities. Such actions are expected to leverage co-funding as commitment from stakeholders. It is of added value that such leverage is shown through the private investment in these specific topics. Therefore, proposals requesting contributions above the amounts specified per each topic below will not be evaluated:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-01-07 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 9.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-03-03 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 30.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-03-05 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 15.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-04-01 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 7.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-06-01 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 25.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-06-02 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 8.00 million
Additional eligibility condition: Membership to Hydrogen Europe/Hydrogen Europe Research
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, an additional eligibility criterion has been introduced to ensure that one partner in the consortium is a member of either Hydrogen Europe or Hydrogen Europe Research. This concerns topics targeting actions for large-scale demonstrations, flagship projects and strategic research actions, where the industrial and research partners of the Clean Hydrogen JU are considered to play a key role in accelerating the commercialisation of hydrogen technologies by being closely linked to the Clean Hydrogen JU constituency, which could further ensure full alignment with the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda of the Industry and the SRIA188 of the JU. This approach shall also ensure the continuity of the work performed within projects funded through the H2020 and FP7, by building up on their experience and consolidating the EU value-chain. This applies to the following topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-07
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-08
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-10
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-08
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-05
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -07-01
Additional eligibility condition: Participation of African countries
For one topic the following additional eligibility criteria have been introduced to allow African countries to i) participate in proposal, ii) be eligible for funding and iii) ensure a sufficient geographical coverage of the African continent. This concerns the following topic:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-5
Manufacturing Readiness Assessment
For some topics a definition of Manufacturing Readiness Level has been introduced in the Annexes of the Annual Work Programme. This is necessary to evaluate the status of the overall manufacturing activities included in the following topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01
- Financial and operational capacity and exclusion:described in Annex C of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Evaluation and award:
- Award criteria, scoring and thresholds are described in Annex D of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Submission and evaluation processes are described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes and the Online Manua
Exemption to evaluation procedure: complementarity of projects
For some topics in order to ensure a balanced portfolio covering complementary approaches, grants will be awarded to applications not only in order of ranking but at least also to one additional project that is / are complementary, provided that the applications attain all thresholds
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-09
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-10
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-04
Seal of Excellence
For two topics the ‘Seal of Excellence’ will be awarded to applications exceeding all of the evaluation thresholds set out in this Annual Work Programme but cannot be funded due to lack of budget available to the call. This will further improve the chances of good proposals, otherwise not selected, to find alternative funding in other Union programmes, including those managed by national or regional Managing Authorities. With prior authorisation from the applicant, the Clean Hydrogen JU may share information concerning the proposal and the evaluation with interested financing authorities, subject to the conclusion of confidentiality agreements. In this Annual Work Programme ‘Seal of Excellence’ will be piloted for topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02
- Indicative timeline for evaluation and grant agreement: described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Legal and financial set-up of the grants: described in Annex G of the Work Programme General Annexes
In addition to the standard provisions, the following specific provisions in the model grant agreement will apply:
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), background and results, access rights and rights of use (article 16 and Annex 5 of the Model Grant Agreement (MGA)).
- An additional information obligation has been introduced for topics including standardisation activities: ‘Beneficiaries must, up to 4 years after the end of the action, inform the granting authority if the results could reasonably be expected to contribute to European or international standards’. These concerns the topics below:
Additional information obligation for topics including standardisation activities
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-09
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-04
- For all topics in this Work Programme Clean Hydrogen JU shall have the right to object to transfers of ownership of results, or to grants of an exclusive licence regarding results, if: (a) the beneficiaries which generated the results have received Union funding; (b) the transfer or licensing is to a legal entity established in a non-associated third country; and (c) the transfer or licensing is not in line with Union interests. The grant agreement shall contain a provision in this respect.
Full capitalised costs for purchases of equipment, infrastructure or other assets purchased specifically for the action
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, mostly large-scale demonstrators or flagship projects specific equipment, infrastructure or other assets purchased specifically for the action (or developed as part of the action tasks) can exceptionally be declared as full capitalised costs. This concerns the topics below:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-07: electrolyser and other hydrogen related equipment essential for implementation of the project, (e.g. compression of hydrogen, storage and any essential end-use technology)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-08: electrolyser, its BoP and any other hydrogen related equipment essential for the implementation of the project (e.g. hydrogen storage)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-10: electrolyser, its BOP and any other hydrogen related equipment essential for implementation of the project (e.g. offshore infrastructure, renewable electricity supply infrastructure, storages, pipelines and other auxiliaries required to convey and utilise the hydrogen)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-08: compression prototype/s and related components
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-03: trucks, fuel cell system, on-board hydrogen storage and other components needed in a hydrogen truck
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-05: vessels, fuel cell system, on-board hydrogen storage and other components needed in a hydrogen fuel cell hydrogen vessel
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01: manufacturing equipment and tooling
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01: hydrogen production plant, distribution and storage infrastructure and hydrogen end-uses
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02: hydrogen production plant, distribution and storage infrastructure and hydrogen end-uses
- Specific conditions:described in thechapter 22.214.171.124 of the Clean Hydrogen JU 2022 Annual Work Plan
Application form — As well available in the Submission System from March 31st 2022
Model Grant Agreement (MGA)
Clean Hydrogen JU - Annual Work Programme 2022 (AWP 2022)
- AWP 2022
Clean Hydrogen JU - Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA)