closed Opened: 30 March 2022 | Closes: 31 May 2022
In order to contribute to the 2030 Climate plan, the ‘Fit for 55’ climate action plan and Green Deal, it is of the utmost importance that the quality of hydrogen fuel dispensed at the Hydrogen Refuelling Station (HRS) is meeting the applicable requirements (Directive on Alternative Fuels Infrastructure, Directive 2014/94/EU and proposal for a regulation on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure 2021/0223(COD) and standards EN17124:2018 & ISO14687:2019. The presence of impurities will cause Fuel Cell (FC) degradation and will dramatically impact the FC durability of the zero emission Fuel Cell Electrical Vehicles (FCEV’s). This will have detrimental effects on customer satisfaction and competitiveness of the FC technology, jeopardising the establishment of the hydrogen society.
To secure the dispensing of H2 up to quality standard, significant measures from production up to HRS nozzle should be taken. In addition, a hydrogen quality assurance plan guaranteeing the quality at the nozzle should be in place. These requirements are directly affecting the hydrogen price. EN17124:2018 is describing two possible hydrogen quality assurance methodologies: a prescriptive approach and a Risk Assessment (RA) based approach. It is the current industry consensus that the RA approach is the most cost effective one, but it cannot be applied as the required Occurrence Class for each impurity is not clarified in the EU market (as described in ISO19880-8:2019 & EN17124:2018). In addition, the existing EU hydrogen quality laboratories still need to be fully validated according to ISO21087:2019 for real market application. Furthermore, in case an HRS is dispensing impure hydrogen, the station should be closed for maintenance until the problem is solved; a procedure that has long been established in detail for conventional fuels. In conclusion, the hydrogen quality management directly impacts the hydrogen price as well as the availability of the refuelling stations and consequently are affecting the Clean Hydrogen for Europe JU objectives.
Project results are expected to contribute to all of the following expected outcomes:
- Widespread utilisation of the cost effective hydrogen quality assurance system by HRS operators based on RA as described in ISO19880-8:2019 & EN17124:2018 enabled by the developed Occurrence Class statistically representing the EU market (by 300 samples during the project);
- EU based hydrogen quality assurance infrastructure, including an operational network of at least 5 laboratories with market-proven capability confirmed through regular proficiency testing to the required standards;
- Alignment and standardisation of the hydrogen quality sampling and analysis at the nozzle of EU HRS, including an interoperable methodology and approach for 350 & 700 bar sampling;
- Guided future research efforts in the field of hydrogen quality (e.g. online analysers, sensors) based on the established open source database of hydrogen impurity occurrence representative to the EU market.
Project results are expected to contribute to all of the following objectives of the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA: (Pillar 2: Hydrogen storage and distribution - Hydrogen refuelling stations):
- To support the availability of heavy-duty Hydrogen Refuelling Stations:
- 98% of HRS availability for 350 & 700 bar stations;
- Mean time between failures of 144 and 72 days for 350 & 700 bar stations respectively.
- To support the creation of a network of Heavy-duty Hydrogen Refuelling Stations across Europe while contributing to the decrease of the total cost of ownership of Hydrogen Refuelling stations by more than 50%:
- decrease of HRS contribution in the hydrogen price to €2 and €3 per kg for 350 & 700 bar stations respectively;
- achievement of total cost of ownership (TCO) of €10 and €6 per kg for Light Duty and Heavy-Duty FCEV respectively.
The HyCoRa and HYDRAITE FCH JU funded projects focussed on the impact of hydrogen impurities on the FC (in particular to assess the severity level) and conducted a limited sampling effort, resulting in about 48 samples taken and analysed from the market over a period of about 6 years. The outcome was that not all HRS are conform to the existing quality standards; in addition, this amount of publicly accessible data is too limited to be representative to the occurrence of impurities in the EU market. Such information is required in order to enable the cost-efficient RA quality assurance approach (requiring the Occurrence Class next to Severity Level as described in EN17124:2018). The EURAMET MetroHyVe project developed sampling and hydrogen quality analysis methodologies on laboratory scale that need still to be validated for real market application. In addition, an initial effort in hydrogen purity laboratory proficiency testing was conducted; 4 impurities (H2S, CO, N2 & H2O) were evaluated by 13 global laboratories, showing significant differences between laboratory results. Thereof, a regular continuation of the inter-laboratory comparison for the entire list of contaminants stipulated by the technical standards is required.
Following actions need to be tackled in order to address the expected outcomes successfully:
- Clarification of the Occurrence Class of the impurities in the EU market (as stipulated in ISO19880-8:2019 & EN17124:2018 (Table 2 – Occurrence Classes for each impurity)), to enable the RA approach for hydrogen quality assurance. The number of samples acting as a base to define the Occurrence Class is described in action number 3, stated below. Next to the hydrogen quality samples, all required HRS specifics to allow the utilisation of this information as an input for the Occurrence Class of the HRS quality RA should be collected. These will be defined based on input obtained from at least 5 relevant stakeholders such as gas & technology suppliers and HRS operators;
- Validate the capability of at least 5 EU based hydrogen purity laboratories, for both sampling as well as analysing hydrogen according to the applicable standards ISO19880-1:2020, ISO19880-8:2019, EN17124:2018 and ISO21087:2019, or their respective revisions. Validity of the utilised techniques should be evidenced by mass market investigation of the EU hydrogen quality as stipulated in action number 3, stated below. Next, proficiency testing up to standard level should be regularly conducted and has to be an integral part of the activity. The proficiency results should be made publicly available in an anonymised way. Root cause analysis should be conducted in case of diverging test results and countermeasures should be developed. Utilisation of technologies and methodologies researched in past funded projects (see above) is expected and support from the EU metrological network is recommended;
- As a prerequisite to support activity 1 & 2, and to make the information available for future learnings, a publicly accessible hydrogen quality database representing the hydrogen quality supplied in the EU should be established. In order to get a representative and statistical overview of the hydrogen quality dispensed at 350 & 700 bar stations in the EU market, at least 100 samples from the HRSs should be collected and analysed per year, of which maximum 25% of the samples are obtained from the same HRS. The utilised methodologies’ interoperability should be maximised to be applicable on different pressures (350 & 700 bar). The location of samples taken will be in proportion to the geographically spread of HRSs across the EU. In addition, the occurrence of at least 4 impurities beyond EN17124:2018 and ISO21087:2019: i.e. new non-standardised impurities or not well-defined impurities such as ‘total’ sulphur or halogenated compounds of a selected number of samples should be investigated by utilisation of wide scope analytical techniques.
- Based on the output of objectives 1, 2 and 3, a working group should clarify the development need or improvement opportunities in the field of hydrogen quality assurance. In addition, recommendations to support the development of the future HRS sampling standard (ISO19880-9, TC197) should be made.
As the scope of the topic contains significant portions of measurement and analysis, cooperation with the European metrology community, such as the European Metrology Network for Energy Gases of EURAMAT, should be pursued. Within this context proposals should explain how they would complement and avoid overlaps with the ongoing activities of EURAMET, e.g. project MetroHyVe2.
In order for the proposal to reach the expected outcome, the deliverables should be disseminated at the end of the proposal to the hydrogen mobility and hydrogen refuelling infrastructure communities and relevant working groups of the standardisation technical committee’s such as ISO TC 197, ISO TC 158 & CEN TC 268, including the new standard under development ISO19880-9 (TC 197), related to HRS sampling. Proposals are encouraged to include a formal standardisation body within the consortium.
Proposals are expected to contribute towards the activities of Mission Innovation 2.0 - Clean Hydrogen Mission. Cooperation with entities from Clean Hydrogen Mission member countries, which are neither EU Member States nor Horizon Europe Associated countries, is encouraged (see section 184.108.40.206 International Cooperation).
Activities are expected to start at TRL 3 and achieve TRL 5 by the end of the project.
The conditions related to this topic are provided in the chapter 220.127.116.11 of the Clean Hydrogen JU 2022 Annual Work Plan and in the General Annexes to the Horizon Europe Work Programme 2021–2022 which apply mutatis mutandis.
- Admissibility conditions: described in Annex A and Annex E of the Horizon Europe Work Programme General Annexes
Proposal page limits and layout: described in Part B of the Application Form available in the Submission System
Additional condition: For all Innovation Actions the page limit of the applications are 70 pages.
- Eligible countries: described in Annex B of the Work Programme General Annexes
A number of non-EU/non-Associated Countries that are not automatically eligible for funding have made specific provisions for making funding available for their participants in Horizon Europe projects. See the information in the Horizon Europe Programme Guide.
- Other eligibility conditions: described in Annex B of the Work Programme General Annexes
Additional eligibility condition: Maximum contribution per topic
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, an additional eligibility criterion has been introduced to limit the Clean Hydrogen JU requested contribution mostly for actions performed at high TRL level, including demonstration in real operation environment and with important involvement from industrial stakeholders and/or end users such as public authorities. Such actions are expected to leverage co-funding as commitment from stakeholders. It is of added value that such leverage is shown through the private investment in these specific topics. Therefore, proposals requesting contributions above the amounts specified per each topic below will not be evaluated:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-01-07 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 9.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-03-03 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 30.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-03-05 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 15.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-04-01 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 7.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-06-01 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 25.00 million
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022-06-02 - The maximum Clean Hydrogen JU contribution that may be requested is EUR 8.00 million
Additional eligibility condition: Membership to Hydrogen Europe/Hydrogen Europe Research
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, an additional eligibility criterion has been introduced to ensure that one partner in the consortium is a member of either Hydrogen Europe or Hydrogen Europe Research. This concerns topics targeting actions for large-scale demonstrations, flagship projects and strategic research actions, where the industrial and research partners of the Clean Hydrogen JU are considered to play a key role in accelerating the commercialisation of hydrogen technologies by being closely linked to the Clean Hydrogen JU constituency, which could further ensure full alignment with the Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda of the Industry and the SRIA188 of the JU. This approach shall also ensure the continuity of the work performed within projects funded through the H2020 and FP7, by building up on their experience and consolidating the EU value-chain. This applies to the following topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-07
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-08
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-10
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-08
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-05
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -07-01
Additional eligibility condition: Participation of African countries
For one topic the following additional eligibility criteria have been introduced to allow African countries to i) participate in proposal, ii) be eligible for funding and iii) ensure a sufficient geographical coverage of the African continent. This concerns the following topic:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-5
Manufacturing Readiness Assessment
For some topics a definition of Manufacturing Readiness Level has been introduced in the Annexes of the Annual Work Programme. This is necessary to evaluate the status of the overall manufacturing activities included in the following topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01
- Financial and operational capacity and exclusion:described in Annex C of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Evaluation and award:
- Award criteria, scoring and thresholds are described in Annex D of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Submission and evaluation processes are described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes and the Online Manua
Exemption to evaluation procedure: complementarity of projects
For some topics in order to ensure a balanced portfolio covering complementary approaches, grants will be awarded to applications not only in order of ranking but at least also to one additional project that is / are complementary, provided that the applications attain all thresholds
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-09
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-10
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-04
Seal of Excellence
For two topics the ‘Seal of Excellence’ will be awarded to applications exceeding all of the evaluation thresholds set out in this Annual Work Programme but cannot be funded due to lack of budget available to the call. This will further improve the chances of good proposals, otherwise not selected, to find alternative funding in other Union programmes, including those managed by national or regional Managing Authorities. With prior authorisation from the applicant, the Clean Hydrogen JU may share information concerning the proposal and the evaluation with interested financing authorities, subject to the conclusion of confidentiality agreements. In this Annual Work Programme ‘Seal of Excellence’ will be piloted for topics:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02
- Indicative timeline for evaluation and grant agreement: described in Annex F of the Work Programme General Annexes
- Legal and financial set-up of the grants: described in Annex G of the Work Programme General Annexes
In addition to the standard provisions, the following specific provisions in the model grant agreement will apply:
Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), background and results, access rights and rights of use (article 16 and Annex 5 of the Model Grant Agreement (MGA)).
- An additional information obligation has been introduced for topics including standardisation activities: ‘Beneficiaries must, up to 4 years after the end of the action, inform the granting authority if the results could reasonably be expected to contribute to European or international standards’. These concerns the topics below:
Additional information obligation for topics including standardisation activities
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-09
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-04
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-02
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-03
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -05-04
- For all topics in this Work Programme Clean Hydrogen JU shall have the right to object to transfers of ownership of results, or to grants of an exclusive licence regarding results, if: (a) the beneficiaries which generated the results have received Union funding; (b) the transfer or licensing is to a legal entity established in a non-associated third country; and (c) the transfer or licensing is not in line with Union interests. The grant agreement shall contain a provision in this respect.
Full capitalised costs for purchases of equipment, infrastructure or other assets purchased specifically for the action
For some topics, in line with the Clean Hydrogen JU SRIA, mostly large-scale demonstrators or flagship projects specific equipment, infrastructure or other assets purchased specifically for the action (or developed as part of the action tasks) can exceptionally be declared as full capitalised costs. This concerns the topics below:
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-07: electrolyser and other hydrogen related equipment essential for implementation of the project, (e.g. compression of hydrogen, storage and any essential end-use technology)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-08: electrolyser, its BoP and any other hydrogen related equipment essential for the implementation of the project (e.g. hydrogen storage)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -01-10: electrolyser, its BOP and any other hydrogen related equipment essential for implementation of the project (e.g. offshore infrastructure, renewable electricity supply infrastructure, storages, pipelines and other auxiliaries required to convey and utilise the hydrogen)
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -02-08: compression prototype/s and related components
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-03: trucks, fuel cell system, on-board hydrogen storage and other components needed in a hydrogen truck
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -03-05: vessels, fuel cell system, on-board hydrogen storage and other components needed in a hydrogen fuel cell hydrogen vessel
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -04-01: manufacturing equipment and tooling
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-01: hydrogen production plant, distribution and storage infrastructure and hydrogen end-uses
- HORIZON-JTI-CLEANH2-2022 -06-02: hydrogen production plant, distribution and storage infrastructure and hydrogen end-uses
- Specific conditions:described in thechapter 18.104.22.168 of the Clean Hydrogen JU 2022 Annual Work Plan
Application form — As well available in the Submission System from March 31st 2022
Model Grant Agreement (MGA)
Clean Hydrogen JU - Annual Work Programme 2022 (AWP 2022)
- AWP 2022
Clean Hydrogen JU - Strategic Research and Innovation Agenda (SRIA)