The Employee Retention Credit, also referred to as ERC, is a refundable payroll tax credit that businesses can receive on qualified employee wages and certain employee benefits beginning March 13, 2020, through December 31, 2021. The program was first introduced by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (CARES) Act. It was signed into law during March 2020 to assist businesses that were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic and to encourage businesses to keep employees on their payroll. Since its inception, the program has gone through many revisions with three different acts. The first being the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (CAA), enacted in December 2020, the second is the American Rescue Plan Act (ARPA), enacted in March 2021, and the third is the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act (IIJA), enacted in November 2021. The last act accelerated the end of the program from the initial date of December 31, 2021, to September 30, 2021, for most businesses. However, for wages paid by a Recovery Startup Business, the expiration date remains December 31, 2021.