The US Tax Court (the Court) recently issued a decision, holding that the Petitioners were not entitled to a research and development (R&D) credit under Internal Revenue Code (I.R.C.) § 41. Petitioners in the consolidated cases are shareholders in an S-Corporation, Catalytic Products International, Inc. (“CPI” or “the Company”), that designs and supplies air pollution control systems. CPI claimed a research credit under I.R.C. § 41 in connection with 19 projects, based on both employee wage expenses and supply expenses incurred in connection with the projects and systems the Company supplied. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) issued a notice of deficiency related to the credit claim, and the Petitioners subsequently filed a timely petition with the Tax Court.
For several years, CTI has championed construction companies’ eligibility for the credit for increasing research activities (“R&D tax credit”) under Section 41. We have worked with numerous construction companies to successfully identify, calculate, and substantiate the credits. The most recent tax court opinion lends support to the qualification of many aspects of design-build construction projects.
Current State of Section 174
As discussed in our recent blog, the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) of 2017 included a delayed provision that requires taxpayers to begin capitalizing and amortizing research and experimental (R&E) expenditures under Section 174 for tax years beginning after December 31, 2021. Prior to this provision, taxpayers had the option to deduct R&E costs in connection with the taxpayer’s trade or business during the taxable year incurred. Starting in tax year 2022, R&E costs will need to be capitalized and amortized over a 5-year period for domestic expenses and over a 15-year period for foreign research, beginning with the midpoint of the taxable year in which such expenditures are paid or incurred.
Recently, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) published its annual Dirty Dozen list, which is intended to raise taxpayer awareness of potential scams and fraudulent tax practices. The list includes cautions against falling prey to scammers calling and texting to pose as IRS or state tax officials, reminding taxpayers that the IRS initiates contact with taxpayers primarily through regular mail and never through email, text, or social media. Additionally, the IRS advised against acting on tax tips posted on social media, noting a couple of specific tax schemes that have recently gone viral amount of tax fraud.
Cost segregation is the process of identifying property components that are considered "tangible personal property" or "land improvements" under the federal tax code. The primary goal of a cost segregation study is to identify all construction-related costs that can be depreciated over a shorter tax life (typically 5, 7, and 15 years) than the building (39 years for non-residential real property or 27.5 years for residential rental property).
Two recent court opinions – Moore v. Commissioner and Little Sandy Coal v. Commissioner – reiterate the pitfalls of claiming the Research & Development (R&D) Tax Credit without sufficient documentation. In both cases, the courts completely disallowed the taxpayers’ R&D tax credit despite recognition that the taxpayers undertook R&D activities and had some level of R&D expenses. The issue was that the taxpayers did not meet their burden of proof to show that all of the activities and associated expenses qualified, and the taxpayers did not provide a reasonable basis for estimating what portion could be properly included.
Now more than ever, recent court precedence has created the need to partner with a firm that understands your industry to maximize Research & Development tax credits. This article explains the result of Little Sandy Coal vs. Commissioner and why it’s important to every organization.
The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA) creates the need to amortize research and experimental expenditures in tax years after December 31, 2021. This article provides an overview of section 174, then dives into the changes, updates, and questions regarding taxpayers and their involvement with Section 174 of the TCJA as of the 2022 tax year.
Signed into law by President Biden in August of 2022, the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) is intended to lower inflation by investing in various areas that will facilitate growth, promote jobs, and strengthen the American economy.
Over the past year and a half, the state of Kansas has passed legislation to improve their incentive offerings for new and expanding businesses. The most notable parts of this legislation are the inclusion of remote workforce in incentive program projects, an increase from 6.5% to 10% in the state Research & Development (R&D) credit amount, the removal of training program participation for High Performance Incentive Program (HPIP) participants, and the introduction of a significant benefits package through the Attracting Powerful Economic Expansion (APEX) program.